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The Catholic Ten Commandments are:
1. I am the Lord thy God; thou shalt not have strange gods before me.
2. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
3. Remember thou keep holy the Lord's Day.
4. Honor thy father and thy mother.
5. Thou shall not kill.
6. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
7. Thou shalt not steal.
8. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
9. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife.
10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods.
The Roman Catholic Ten Commandments tell us what we should and should not do. They're our Instruction Manual For A Happy Life - Here And Now.
Learning the Ten Commandments is important for being able to make a good confession. Usually, one learns the Ten Commandments before his First Confession while he is preparing for First Holy Communion. Another time that we need to review or memorize the Commandments is in preparation for Confirmation.
This 24 Catholic Songs CD and the matching coloring book have a sweet Ten Commandments Song. The coloring book has the words printed on a sheet in the back. Our children have enjoyed this immensely and they have been very helpful remembering several lists as with the Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy.
Learn the Ten Commandments Song using this CD at Amazon. Our children learned several Catholic lists from this CD, like the Works of Mercy, etc.
The 24 Catholic Songs For Children coloring book at Amazon has the words printed in the back.
The better disposed we are to receive the sacraments, the better we will persevere in the Faith. Frequently this means that the better we study or know the Roman Catholic beliefs the easier it is to keep the Faith.
There are many more than the ten "Thou shalt nots" in the book of Exodus XX. The Decalogue as seen in the Baltimore Catechism is extracted from Exodus 20 in a concise way so as to convey the meaning in an easy to memorize way.
Also, remember that the Douay-Rheims Bible Old Testament says "Sabbath", yet many Baltimore Catechisms use the term "Lord's Day" since the Lord's day of rest became Sunday, not Saturday, in honor of Easter, the Resurrection, and Pentecost. Whenever there is a difference in Catholic answers the morally safer course is to use the more precise terms, especially those in use for over one hundred years.
St. Anne's Audio Catechism CDs also use the term "Lord's Day" in the habit of using specific terms. The verbatim text is also printable and reprintable from the very same enhanced CD!
A visitor asks:
"Why are the Catholic Ten Commandments different from those in Exodus 20:1-17? Even Catholic Bibles have the same commandments as protestant Bibles, but you have omitted the Second Commandment ("You shall not make for yourself an idol", NRSVCE) and divided the Tenth Commandment ("You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor") into two. This is unBiblical. Why do you do this?"
The short answer is that Catholics call these the Ten Commandments because the Catholic Church does, and has done so throughout the centuries.
I've also found more answers that I hope are helpful in explaining to others what the Church does. Thank you for asking, as I have enjoyed finding these answers.
Here is what the classic Catholic Bible, the Douay-Rheims Bible, says in Exodus chapter 20, verses 1-17:
The Catechism of the Council of Trent (CCT) quotes St. Augustine in saying that the:
In this last quote, St. Augustine is repeating the words of Jesus himself. Whichever way the Commandments are divided; they can be combined into two laws, to love God and thy neighbor as thyself.
The best explanation I have found for the difference between the Catholic Ten Commandments and others is in The Catechism Explained on page 307:
"We must here remark that the Catholic Church, acting under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, has slightly altered the Decalogue in a Christian Sense. The Jewish Decalogue, given on Mount Sinai, consists of these precepts: (1). The command to worship no God but the true God. (2). The Prohibition against the worship of images. (3). The prohibition against taking God's name in vain. (4). The command to keep holy the Sabbath. (5). The command to honor one's parents. (6). The prohibition against murder. (7). False witness. (8). Theft. (9). False witness. (10). Coveting other men's goods (Exod. XX. 1-17). The Catholic Church has joined the Second Commandment, forbidding the worship of images, to the first, and divided the tenth into two separate commands, in order that the Christian wife may be duly respected (vide Ninth Commandment)." –The Catechism Explained, An Exhaustive Exposition of the Catholic Religion; by Rev. Francis Spirago, edited by Rev. Richard F. Clark, S.J.
The Catechism of the Council of Trent says on page 373 that:
"Some, supposing these words which come next in order to constitute a distinct precept, reduce the ninth and tenth Commandments to one. St. Augustine, on the contrary, considering the last two to be distinct Commandments, makes the words just quoted a part of the first Commandment. His division is much approved in the Church, and hence we willingly adopt it. Furthermore a very good reason for this arrangement at once suggests itself. It was fitting that to the first Commandment should be added the rewards or punishments entailed by each one of the Commandments."
The Second Commandment is separate and is explained in The Catechism of the Council of Trent on page 382:
"on account of the importance of the obligation, God wished to make the law, which commands His own divine and most holy name to be honored, a distinct Commandment, expressed in the clearest and simplest terms."
Msgr. Paul Glenn says in his Tour of the Summa that the obligation to keep the Sabbath was ended at the Old Testament was fulfilled when Jesus died on the Cross.
Many denominations have chosen to go back to the Jewish Decalogue, yet they might ought to wonder at this since the Christian holy day is Sunday. Where does this originate?
Again, I turn to The Catechism Explained which says further on the same page that the Lord's Day is Sunday. This is the reason that Christians worship the Lord on Sunday not Saturday which had been the Jewish Sabbath:
"The command to keep holy the Sabbath is changed into the precept to sanctify Sundays and holydays."
On page 398 the Catechism of the Council of Trent says:
"The observance of the Sabbath was to be abrogated at the same time as the other Hebrew rites and ceremonies, that is, at the death of Christ."
Further down the same page the CCT says:
"The Apostles therefore resolved to consecrate the first day of the week to the divine worship, and called it the Lord's day. St. John in the Apocalypse makes mention of the Lord's day; and the Apostle commands collections to be made on the first day of the week, that is, according to the interpretation of St. Chrysostom, on the Lord's day. From all this we learn that even then the Lord's day was kept holy in the Church."
There is more in this chapter on the term Sabbath that makes for interesting reading, too.
Simply put, the Catholic Church teaches that we believe what the Apostles' Creed, Catholic Ten Commandments, and the Catholic Bible teach. Catholic saints are the ones who heroically did what the Church has always taught. See more on our basic Catholic beliefs page.
Once you know the basics of Catholicism you can better judge what the truth is.
Genesis 1:28-30 "And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth. And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat: And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done."
Living a good life is easier once you know the principles as God formed them in the Catholic Ten Commandments. The Commandments are the main Roman Catholic beliefs.
St. Anne's Helper has Catholic audio books to help make this study easy and interesting. Our Catholic ebooks also offer resources that can be immediately downloaded! Beautiful Catechism Copybooks are also available. Both the Audio CDs and the Copybooks have the same verbatim text which can really boost the memory when studying the Catholic Ten Commandments. The Copybooks aid beautiful Catholic penmanship practice as well. The First Communion Copybook is in beautiful manuscript on lined pages that are fully reproducible. And the Confirmation Copybook is in beautiful cursive on lined pages that are also fully reproducible. You may also order the Confirmation Copybook in beautiful manuscript.
See hundreds of Free Coloring Pages To Print amongst them are pages that are related to the Catholic Ten Commandments and Bible stories!
Next after teaching the Catholic Ten Commandments the First Communion audio catechism CD and its Copybook uses the Ten Commandments from the book Jesus Comes . It has a very nice expansion with very clear "tells and forbids" questions and answers for each Commandment. They may be a bit much for little ones to memorize, but they are great for review before receiving the sacrament of Penance in order to better understand which acts are sinful.
When using a Baltimore Catechism be sure that its Bible quotes use the most reliable Catholic Bible - the Douay. It tells the story around the Catholic Ten Commandments faithfully. There is no certitude like seeing or hearing the whole story!
You can be certain to learn or teach the Catholic Ten Commandments when you use St. Anne's Audio Catechism CDs for both First Communion and Catholic Confirmation. It is handy to be able to use "repeat one" to review when memorizing them!
Once you know the principles it becomes easier to choose a book with the best Catholic answers!
This is our main Catholic Bible page.
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